Laxton Supports Ethiopia’s Ambitious National ID Programme

129.6 Million

Population

97%

Lacks Legal or Digital ID

6 Million

Registered as of July 2024

Ethiopia, with a population of approximately 130 million, is Africa’s second most populous country. Despite its rapid economic growth, estimated at 7.2% in 2023, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries, with a per capita gross national income of $1,020. Many people lack legal or digital IDs, which hampers access to essential services and economic opportunities.

Project

Task
Register 70 Million Citizens

Solution
National Identity Management

Result
6 Million Registered by July 2024

The primary form of identification in Ethiopia is the Kebele ID card, issued by local administrators across over 18,000 locations. While it functions as a de facto national ID for many public and private transactions, the community-managed Kebele ID system lacks the functionalities of a foundational ID. It lacks mechanisms for ensuring uniqueness and security, making it vulnerable to duplication and forgery. This inadequacy poses significant challenges for developing a digital economy, where reliable and secure identification is essential.

The system relies on paper records, making them prone to loss and destruction, and lacks a central registry for unique identities. Moving between Kebeles (small administrative units) requires exchanging old IDs for new ones, complicating continuity and adding administrative burdens. Additionally, Kebele IDs are easily forged, causing authentication issues for third parties. These limitations highlight the need for a robust, centralised digital ID system for secure and reliable identification.

To address these issues, Ethiopia has embarked on an ambitious National Digital ID programme, spearheaded by the Ministry of Peace. This programme aims to replace the Kebele ID system with a more secure, centralised, and inclusive identification solution.

In 2021, Ethiopia set out a comprehensive economic reform agenda to ensure macroeconomic stability, realign public and private sector roles, and unlock new growth potential. A critical task in this agenda is the introduction of a National Digital ID to enhance the digital economy, improve governance, and facilitate access to services.

The National ID Programme (NIDP) aligns with the ten global principles of Identity for Development (ID4D), prioritising data protection and service delivery. This approach ensures inclusivity and security, especially in rural areas where birth registration rates are low. With less than 10% of children under five registered, the NIDP aims to bridge this gap, offering comprehensive identity coverage for all citizens.

The NIDP introduced the Fayda Number, a unique 12-digit identification number based on the principle of “one person, one identity.” This digital ID leverages biometric technology to ensure unique identification for all residents. The Fayda Number grants access to a wide array of digital services nationwide, making it a cornerstone of Ethiopia’s digital transformation.

Dr. Ermias Yemanebirhan, the Ethiopian State Minister of Justice, registered for the National ID programme using Laxton technology.

Ethiopia’s National Identity Programme (NIDP) aims to develop a secure electronic ID system, targeting 70 million Identity registrations by 2030. Laxton, a key partner for the past three years, has been crucial in the startup and pilot phase and has supported NIDP in registering up to 6 million Ethiopians for FAYDA as of July 2024. 

Laxton Identity Registration Kits are designed with intelligently positioned components, ensuring easy accessibility for operators and citizens. This thoughtful arrangement of premium parts facilitates rapid registrations and minimises equipment failures, making the kits indispensable for large-scale projects like FAYDA. Field feedback highlights the exceptionally low failure rate of Laxton equipment, underscoring its reliability.

Laxton’s equipment is designed to perform reliably in Ethiopia’s diverse and harsh environments, from the dusty deserts to the tropical forests and cool highlands. Our equipment endures challenging conditions, with most ID registrations happening in remote areas.  The registration equipment is packed in an IP67 rugged case. Accessories like the photo backdrop and solar panel all fit in a backpack, making it an ultra-mobile solution.

The ID Registration Kit operates without an internet connection. The integrated battery management system and solar panels enable registration without electricity. The registration data is securely stored on the device and is ready to be uploaded to a central server once a secure internet connection is established. These features ensure that every citizen can participate in the National ID programme, regardless of their location.

Laxton Identity Registration Kits are designed with intelligently positioned components, ensuring easy accessibility for operators and citizens. This thoughtful arrangement of premium parts facilitates rapid registrations and minimises equipment failures, making the kits indispensable for large-scale projects like FAYDA. Field feedback highlights the exceptionally low failure rate of Laxton equipment, underscoring its reliability.

The biometric registration equipment and accessories are engineered to withstand extensive use over many years. This long-term durability significantly reduces the Cost Per Registration (CPR), making Laxton’s solution crucial for the success of Ethiopia’s National Identity Programme, which will continue through 2030.

Laxton offers extensive support through design workshops, training programmes, and a dedicated support and warranty centre. This equips local teams to operate and maintain registration systems efficiently, minimising downtime. Our experienced technical team provides on-ground support in Ethiopia to ensure smooth operation and maintenance.

MOSIP-compliant identity registration kits
Accessories such as solar panels and photo backdrops
Identity registration software
In-country training programmes
Nationwide technical support and warranty services

The Laxton MOSIP-compliant registration kit contains all the equipment needed to register Ethiopians for FAYDA ID

MOSIP serves as the foundational software infrastructure for the Fayda ID system, offering a robust, scalable, and flexible platform for creating and managing digital identities. Its open-source nature enables customisation and adaptation to Ethiopia’s specific needs, ensuring the Fayda National ID system can grow and evolve with technological advancements. MOSIP’s contributions to biometric integration, data security, interoperability, and cost efficiency are pivotal to the project’s sustainability and impact. By leveraging MOSIP, Ethiopia can provide its citizens with reliable and secure digital identities, facilitating access to essential services and fostering economic growth.

As of July 2024, six million people had successfully registered for a Fayda ID.A notable achievement within this process is MOSIP’s integration with existing student records. Fayda successfully imported records of 550,000 students, exemplifying its flexibility and efficiency, streamlining the registration process, and reducing the need for manual data entry, thereby saving valuable time and resources. 

The Fayda ID system enhances secure identity verification, improving access to services like education, healthcare, and financial inclusion. It also modernises service delivery, enhances national security, and reduces data breach risks. 

Digital ID systems can significantly boost economic growth. For Ethiopia, the Fayda ID system could contribute between 3% and 13% of GDP by 2030*. This growth is driven by increased financial inclusion, employment opportunities, agricultural productivity, and time savings for individuals and businesses. The Fayda system promotes transparency and reduces fraud, paving the way for sustainable development and improved quality of life for all Ethiopians. 

* Source: https://www.mckinsey.com/capabilities/mckinsey-digital/our-insights/digital-identification-a-key-to-inclusive-growth

Laxton Supports Ethiopia’s Ambitious
National ID Programme

Population

of Population
Lacks Legal or Digital ID

Registered as
of July 2024

Ethiopia, with a population of approximately 130 million, is Africa’s second most populous country. Despite its rapid economic growth, estimated at 7.2% in 2023, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries, with a per capita gross national income of $1,020. Many people lack legal or digital IDs, which hampers access to essential services and economic opportunities.

Project

Task
Register 70 Million Citizens

Solution
National Identity Management

Result
6 Million Registered by July 2024

The primary form of identification in Ethiopia is the Kebele ID card, issued by local administrators across over 18,000 locations. While it functions as a de facto national ID for many public and private transactions, the community-managed Kebele ID system lacks the functionalities of a foundational ID. It lacks mechanisms for ensuring uniqueness and security, making it vulnerable to duplication and forgery. This inadequacy poses significant challenges for developing a digital economy, where reliable and secure identification is essential.

The system relies on paper records, making them prone to loss and destruction, and lacks a central registry for unique identities. Moving between Kebeles (small administrative units) requires exchanging old IDs for new ones, complicating continuity and adding administrative burdens. Kebele IDs are easily forged, causing authentication issues for third parties. These limitations highlight the need for a robust, centralised digital ID system for secure and reliable identification.

Ethiopia has embarked on an ambitious National Digital ID programme to address these issues, spearheaded by the Ministry of Peace. This programme aims to replace the Kebele ID system with a more secure, centralised, and inclusive identification solution.

In 2021, Ethiopia set out a comprehensive economic reform agenda to ensure macroeconomic stability, realign public and private sector roles, and unlock new growth potential. A critical task in this agenda is the introduction of a National Digital ID to enhance the digital economy, improve governance, and facilitate access to services.

The National ID Programme (NIDP) aligns with the ten global principles of Identity for Development (ID4D), prioritising data protection and service delivery. This approach ensures inclusivity and security, especially in rural areas where birth registration rates are low. With less than 10% of children under five registered, the NIDP aims to bridge this gap, offering comprehensive identity coverage for all citizens.

The NIDP introduced the Fayda Number, a unique 12-digit identification number based on the principle of “one person, one identity.” This digital ID leverages biometric technology to ensure unique identification for all residents. The Fayda Number grants access to a wide array of digital services nationwide, making it a cornerstone of Ethiopia’s digital transformation.

Dr. Ermias Yemanebirhan, the Ethiopian State Minister of Justice, registered for the National ID programme using Laxton technology.

Ethiopia’s National Identity Programme (NIDP) aims to develop a secure electronic ID system, targeting 70 million Identity registrations by 2030. Laxton, a key partner for the past three years, has been crucial in the startup and pilot phase and has supported NIDP in registering up to 6 million Ethiopians for FAYDA as of July 2024. 

Laxton Identity Registration Kits are designed with intelligently positioned components, ensuring easy accessibility for operators and citizens. This thoughtful arrangement of premium parts facilitates rapid registrations and minimises equipment failures, making the kits indispensable for large-scale projects like FAYDA. Field feedback highlights the exceptionally low failure rate of Laxton equipment, underscoring its reliability.

Laxton’s equipment is designed to perform reliably in Ethiopia’s diverse and harsh environments, from the dusty deserts to the tropical forests and cool highlands. Our equipment endures challenging conditions, with most ID registrations happening in remote areas.  The registration equipment is packed in an IP67 rugged case. Accessories like the photo backdrop and solar panel all fit in a backpack, making it an ultra-mobile solution.

The ID Registration Kit operates without an internet connection. The integrated battery management system and solar panels enable registration without electricity. The registration data is securely stored on the device and is ready to be uploaded to a central server once a secure internet connection is established. These features ensure that every citizen can participate in the National ID programme, regardless of their location.

The biometric registration equipment and accessories are engineered to withstand extensive use over many years. This long-term durability significantly reduces the Cost Per Registration (CPR), making Laxton’s solution crucial for the success of Ethiopia’s National Identity Programme, which will continue through 2030.

Laxton offers extensive support through design workshops, training programmes, and a dedicated support and warranty centre. This equips local teams to operate and maintain registration systems efficiently, minimising downtime. Our experienced technical team provides on-ground support in Ethiopia to ensure smooth operation and maintenance.

MOSIP-compliant identity registration kits
Accessories such as solar panels and photo backdrops
Identity registration software
In-country training programmes
Nationwide technical support and warranty services

The Laxton MOSIP-compliant registration kit contains all the equipment needed to register Ethiopians for FAYDA ID

MOSIP serves as the foundational software infrastructure for the Fayda ID system, offering a robust, scalable, and flexible platform for creating and managing digital identities. Its open-source nature enables customisation and adaptation to Ethiopia’s specific needs, ensuring the Fayda National ID system can grow and evolve with technological advancements. MOSIP’s contributions to biometric integration, data security, interoperability, and cost efficiency are pivotal to the project’s sustainability and impact. By leveraging MOSIP, Ethiopia can provide its citizens with reliable and secure digital identities, facilitating access to essential services and fostering economic growth.

As of July 2024, six million people had successfully registered for a Fayda ID. A notable achievement within this process is MOSIP’s integration with existing student records. Fayda successfully imported records of 550,000 students, exemplifying its flexibility and efficiency, streamlining the registration process, and reducing the need for manual data entry, thereby saving valuable time and resources. 

The Fayda ID system enhances secure identity verification, improving access to services like education, healthcare, and financial inclusion. It also modernises service delivery, enhances national security, and reduces data breach risks.

Digital ID systems can significantly boost economic growth. For Ethiopia, the Fayda ID system could contribute between 3% and 13% of GDP by 2030*. This growth is driven by increased financial inclusion, employment opportunities, agricultural productivity, and time savings for individuals and businesses. The Fayda system promotes transparency and reduces fraud, paving the way for sustainable development and improved quality of life for all Ethiopians. 

* Source: https://www.mckinsey.com/capabilities/mckinsey-digital/our-insights/digital-identification-a-key-to-inclusive-growth

Secure. Open. Inclusive.

Identity Solutions by Laxton for MOSIP